The student will understand the basic elements and principles of form-based zoning codes and place them in their historical context concerning the development of conventional, use-based zoning in the USA. In this context, students will recognize how
zoning embodies cultural values and how early American zoning history was tainted by legally enforced racial discrimination, and how this did not focus on or intend to protect the health, safety and welfare of everyone.
The student will build on this background and understand how, as the twentieth century progressed, zoning came to embody Americans’ deeply held social values as well as providing the technical details for development control. The student will understand how these social values can still retain an unpleasant residue of racial bias within the rules of conventional zoning.