An emergency operations center (EOC) is the protected site location where management decisions are made and coordinated responses are orchestrated related to an emergency incident. It is designed and equipped to provide staff support to government and/or military authorities in coordinating and guiding response to emergency incidents. EOCs may be established at the regional or local level, and may range in size from dual use conference rooms to a complete stand-alone facility.
The design of the EOC depends to a great extent on the types of emergency incidents that could impact the region. These incidents include naturally occurring hazards such as earthquakes or hurricanes; biological hazards; accidental events such as hazardous material spills; terrorism; civil disturbance or enemy attack. An EOC may also be utilized as a command center for significant events such as ceremonies, public speeches by significant individuals, large sporting events, or summit conferences.
This course covers the general planning requirements for an EOC, including the physical layout and construction requirements. While originally intended for military installations, this document is of use to any design professional involved with the planning and/or construction of EOCs at all
Learning Units:5 LU/HSW
Learning Objective 1: Upon completion of this course, the student will know when and how an emergency operation center may be utilized.
Learning Objective 2: The student will be aware of the general requirements for an EOC.
Learning Objective 3: The student will understand the planning process for a new EOC.
Learning Objective 4: The student will know of typical EOC layouts and construction requirements.